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Why have't displaced Iraqis returned yet?

displaced
Since 2014, when ISIS has occupied many parts in Iraq, a large number of people was displaced. Even almost a year and a half after the official Iraqi declaration of victory over ISIS, many people are still displaced, although some of the camps have been closed.

The non-return of the displaced citizens has many reasons including security, economic, and probably political reasons.

"There are political reasons and armed groups that have gains that prevent the return of displaced persons to their areas of origin," said Diyala MP Raad al-Dahlaki.

 "The government knows that there are more than 1.5 million displaced people who have not returned to their homes, and the majority of them are still in displacement camps and suffer from harsh and difficult conditions," he said.

All of this has not gone unnoticed by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Iraq, which has prepared a field study on the factors behind the perennial displacement.

The study addressed the obstacles to the return of internally displaced persons.

The International Organization for Migration says more money is needed to help internally displaced people and other vulnerable groups in Iraq. There are currently close to 2 million displaced people in the country, InfoMigrants said.

The UN agency International Organization for Migration (IOM) has launched a new appeal for emergency assistance for displaced people in Iraq. 

In a statement, the agency said that there were still around 1.75 million Iraqis living in displacement as of February 2019, although the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has gradually declined since 2017. IOM said many people cannot return home because their homes have been destroyed or severely damaged, because their home areas are still seen as unsafe, because of mental and psychosocial distress or because they won't have access to basic services in their hometown. 

Around one third of all internally displaced people - over 530,000 persons - is still living in camps, which IOM said require critical support. 

'Funding critical for Iraqis' dignity'

"Funding for humanitarian assistance is crucial to uphold the basic needs and dignity of vulnerable Iraqis in displacement and areas of return," said Gerard Waite, IOM Iraq's Chief of Mission. "Through partnership and collaboration with other humanitarian partners, the government of Iraq, the Kurdistan regional government and local NGOs, we hope to address the most critical humanitarian needs while seeking durable solutions for those in protracted displacement."   

In 2019, IOM plans to maintain its assistance to IDPs in camp settings through the provision of shelter and non-food items; primary health services; monitoring and addressing protection and psycho-social needs; and supporting water, sanitation and hygiene services. 
Last Modified: Monday، 22 April 2019 11:06 PM
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