It was not just the ferry that drowned in Mosul, but it was the whole city that sank, when the ferry capsized. It was like a snowy mountain that only small part of it appears on the top, while most of it is under the water.
The fact-finding committee in Mosul revealed that corruption in the city is bigger than anyone would think and the Iran Militias in Iraq and Syria (IMIS) control everything.
The ferry capsized with more than one hundred of Mosul residents, but Mosul drowned in corruption and the militias.
The issues of corruption that Mosul suffers from came on the surface after the ferry incident, which urged the government to arrest the governor and local officials in the city, which still awaits reconstruction in the wake of war against ISIS.
Iraq has been suffering for years from the corruption that spread everywhere in its institutions. Iraq comes at the 12th place among countries with highest rate of corruption in the world. Over the past 15 years, the corruption caused the loss of around US$228 billion, which were looted by the politicians and owners of corrupt projects, according to the Iraqi Parliament. That sum represents double the budget and more than the gross domestic product.
Only few officials were held accountable. Most of them fled Iraq, while the others took advantage of their powers. Even those convicted, they were not penalized.
Some of them were pardoned, while others were released on bail, according to judicial sources.
The ferry incident returned back all the violations. Families of the victims staged protests shouting slogans against corruption.
A parliamentary report indicated ‘serious sectarian anger ignited by negative practices’ as well as emergence of new allegiance to ISIS in Nineveh.
Corruption also causes the delay in reconstruction in Nineveh, which has been under the rule of extremists for more than three years, during which bloody battles occurred to retake the province, according to the report, drafted by more than 43 MPs, after meetings with local officials and residents for around four months.
The 40-page report describes the corruption in Nineveh, which has a budget of US$ 800 million.
IMIS, which is composed of Shiite factions of the army, has made its entry into the city, from Mosul after the jihadist hunted. It was not highly appreciated, but feared by the locals, some of the men are also accused of take advantage of the business of the war.
Nothing has been rebuilt, however, many buildings have been a little more destroyed.
According to a local official, some businessmen, under the guise of clearing, have generated millions of dollars by selling metallic structures and tons of materials from the rubble.
“The armed groups and their nominees for the transfer of these metals through letters of authorization obtained from the government,” the official said in the parliamentary investigation.
The report also revealed that the sacked governor Nawfel al-Akoub built “two roads in contravention of the rules of municipal route in the smuggling of the oil extracted from the fields to the south of Mosul”.
MP Abdel Rahmane al-Louizi, who participated in the parliamentary inquiry, told Middle East Online that “the dismissal of the governor took place after the shock of the shipwreck, but it is based on evidence collected well before.”
An Iraqi social media user wrote “the sinking of a ferry has uncovered dozens of folders of corruption in Mosul. How many will there be other victims and other shipwrecks to discover all the records of corruption in the other provinces of Iraq?”
Observers said that the ferry incident was the beginning to reveal the hidden corruption and looting by the militias.