The Iraqi political scene is complicated in the beginning of 2019,
as the country has recently witnessed more national and political crises.
The raising the flag of the Kurdistan region on all its headquarters in the disputed province of Kirkuk has drawn the attention of the world. Moreover, a new crisis between the Wisdom movement and Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq militia has been too big to be solved secretly.
In addition, Iraq still witnesses the crisis of being unable to complete the government so far due to political disputes between parties, which reflects Prime Minister Adil Abd al-Mahdi's failure to reach a consensus with these parties and take decisive decisions.
Earlier in January, Abd al-Mahdi contacted a number of political leaders and directed them to bring down the Kurdistan flag the PUK had earlier raised on its headquarters in the disputed Kurdish province of Kirkuk.
Abd al-Mahdi also contacted Iraqi President, according to a statement by the Prime Minister's office, to put an end to the "unconstitutional" action the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan committed.
Abd al-Mahdi told politicians that "the appropriate method is to consult with the Federal Supreme Court [of Iraq] whether such step is constitutional before it is taken in case we want to respect the constitution"
Shortly after the PUK raised the flag, Iraqi counter-terror units in Kirkuk brought it down.
After the flag was raised, Shiite Badr Brigades threatened to invade Kirkuk province.
"We watched carefully what happened in Kirkuk last night and we know the backgrounds and motives of some leaders in the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan," Mohamed Mahdi al-Bayati, a Badr's official said.
"What we say in short is: We hope you [learned from] the lesson on October 17, 2017 and we advise you to [meet] with Kirkuk's components of Arabs and Turkmen and not to waste the opportunity," he added.
A political crisis broke out between al-Hikma led by Ammar al-Hakim and Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq led by Khazali after Himka's al-Furat TV published news on the involvement of a member of Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq in the assassination of Imad Jabbar, owner of a restaurant in Baghdad's Sadr city earlier in January.
IMIS leaders gathered in the house of the head of Khazali to address the serious political dispute. Head of Badr Organization Hadi al-Amiri, President of Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq Humam Hamoudi also attended the meeting.
IMIS leaders asserted that continuing to systematically target the militias and their factions can cause damage to the security of the country and society, adding that it can also incite strife.
Observers called for giving a chance to the President's initiative to address the situation, and stopping demonstrations which destabilize the country and incite strife.
Although Abd al-Mahdi has been appointed as the new prime minister in October last year, he couldn't complete the government formation so far.
Three major ministers are still vacant in Abd al-Mahdi's government due to lack of agreement between political parties over the candidates Abd al-Mahdi insists on, mainly interior ministry candidate Faleh al-Fayadh.
Saairun Alliance has reiterated its rejection of Fayadh as candidate for interior ministry, saying that it would never accept him. While their rival, Binna'a Coalition insists to introduce Fayadh for vote in the Parliament.
Abd al-Mahdi adheres to Fayadh as the latter meets conditions of nomination, and therefore he should be introduced to the parliament for vote, Binna'a MP Abdul Amir Tuaiban said, adding that parliament members should subsequently have the option to approve or reject him, and replace him in case he is rejected.
Reform and Reconstruction Alliance's rejection of Fayadh does not come for a political reason or because Fayadh is incompetent, but for personal reasons, Tuaiban asserted, adding that the alliance will accept any one else for the candidacy except Fayadh.
Saairun MP Mudar Ismail said that the Reform and Reconstruction Alliance has a clear stance toward the nomination of Fayadh for the Interior Ministry portfolio, adding that this stance has been understood by all political blocs.
In an interview with The Baghdad Post, Ismail said that Saairun Alliance will not accept Fayadh as interior minister even if he was introduced to the parliament in all its coming sessions for four consecutive years.
Ismail stressed the need to replace Fayadh with another independent and specialized figure capable of managing Iraq's security issues.
"The replacement of Fayadh will contribute to the completion of the ministry and will [allow] the government to provide services to the Iraqi people," as part of its duty, Ismail stated.