More compelling is the argument that the war that began in the summer of 2014, and the humanitarian crisis that ensued in the country, needs to come to an end as soon as possible. By all measures, that is indeed the international consensus. In Stockholm last week, that consensus was translated into action.
In the eyes of some, the UN-brokered consultations in Sweden between representatives of the internationally-recognized government of Yemen and the Houthi rebels were
Although many close observers of the conflict — most importantly, the Yemenis themselves — are cautiously optimistic, the Houthis’ long record of reneging on agreements is a cause for concern. Nevertheless, this potential breakthrough might provide the Houthis with one more chance to demonstrate that, like all Yemenis, they too want to see this conflict come to an end. Considering that they did not show up to the previous talks, in Geneva, the Stockholm agreement could indeed prove to be a turning point.
The conflict in Yemen, like all conflicts around the world, is a complicated one. One could argue that unresolved political disputes and long-simmering economic challenges help explain Yemen’s unfortunate legacy of political turmoil.
However — and although it is hard to imagine now — in 2013, Yemen was portrayed by some as a model to emulate of a country that had peacefully negotiated its way out of the tumult ushered in by the so-called Arab Spring. An inclusive National Dialogue and a GCC initiative created the framework for a peaceful transition.
However, the Houthis — no doubt emboldened by their Iranian patrons — reneged on previous agreements and convinced themselves that they have a right to impose their will on the Yemeni people and usurp power by force.
Their violent campaign, which took them from their northernmost base of Sadaa all the way down to the southernmost tip of Aden, has brought unimaginable pain, destruction
With the sole exception of the Iranian regime’s leadership, the entire international community wants this terrible conflict to come to an end. Tehran clearly does not care about the pain and suffering of the Yemeni people. If it did, it would not have encouraged the Houthis to continue fighting by supplying them with weapons and technology. Iran has done nothing to alleviate the suffering of the Yemeni people nor has it contributed in any way to the reconstruction efforts that have already begun in certain regions. As it has done in Syria, Lebanon
Nevertheless, the entire international community has expressed its support for the preliminary agreements that were reached last week about Hodeidah and Taiz. That includes Saudi Arabia, which expressed its strong support for the agreement and its “commitment to reach a political solution in Yemen.”
Granted, the language of the agreement was relatively vague and many of the details, such as who will collect customs revenues in Hodeidah, will need to be agreed upon at a later date. However, the talks