After presidents Vladimir Putin of Russia and Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey signed an agreement Monday regarding Idlib, Syria decided to refrain from launching an offensive on the last major rebel stronghold.
The presidents' agreement to establish a demilitarized zone is one of the main and most significant points in their agreement. The zone will reportedly be between 15 to 25 kilometers wide and will separate the Syrian forces of President Bashar al-Assad and their opponents.
According to the agreement, Russia will take all procedures to make sure that the army does not carry out any offensives or attacks in Idlib. Moreover, Russia will take required precautions to make sure that the de-escalation zone is not attacked.
All terrorist organizations will be driven from the demilitarized zone starting October 15, according to the agreement.
The two presidents subsequently agreed on withdrawing rocket systems, heavy weapons, tanks, and mortars of opposition groups by October 10.
Turkish mobile patrol groups and Russian military police will monitor the demilitarized zone, according to the agreement.
Before the agreement, Erdogan warned that a Syrian government offensive in Idlib would cause humanitarian and security risks for Turkey, Europe and beyond.