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Conflicts, loyalty of politicians to Iran threaten Iraq’s stability

Conflicts, loyalty of politicians to Iran threaten Iraq’s stability
Many observers confirmed that Iraq is witnessing a fragile political situation, and an unprecedented wave of differences among leaders of the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) and other politicians loyal to Iran.
They added that such differences threaten the stability of the country.

They pointed out that the current situation is unstable as political parties seek to reposition themselves, in addition to the dissolution of major coalitions due to conflicts among the political blocs.

The analysts anticipated the collapse of the pro-Iran Fatah and Muqtada al-Sadr's Sairoon Alliance in light of the latter’s growing criticism to the PMF due to their possession of arms to form a special air force.

Last week, Al-Sadr tweeted that Iraq is shifting from the rule of law to the state of riots.

Observers confirmed that Sadr is still the major supporter of the current Iraqi government, but in case its failure to settle all crises, he will likely take to streets for demonstrations.

They pointed out to al-Sadr-led demonstrations in 2016 and 2017 to demand reform and enforce the governments to meet the Iraqi people needs.

They also referred to the increasing influence of Shiite parties since 2003.
For his part, Renad Mansour, a researcher at British Chatham House, said that the Iraqi politicians had been divided, for years, between those who are loyal to Iran and Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic Ali Khamenei, and those who support the Shiite Marja in Iraq, Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani.

He pointed out that there is now more ambiguity and fragility due to the challenge faced by the PMF to become an Iraqi institution, after the end of ISIS terrorist organization.
The PMF are the largest organization outside direct government control and includes over 60,000 fighters who stepped in to secure Iraq after state forces collapsed in 2014.
The PMF were formed after top Iraqi Shia cleric Ali al-Sistani's non-sectarian fatwa on "Sufficiency Jihad" on 13 June.
The fatwa called for defending Iraqi cities, particularly Baghdad, and to participate in the counter-offensive against the Islamic State, following the Fall of Mosul on 10 June 2014.
He explained that the PMF became fractured, plagued by internal divisions for political gains and personal positions.