Tehran may have succeeded in spreading chaos, but it is still fighting to turn the region’s countries into its own satellite states. Moreover, it has not achieved the idea of exporting the promised revolution. In his manifesto, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini pledged to export his ideological project and work on regime change; however, Tehran has certainly failed to minimize the role of the world order in the Middle East, since the waters of the Gulf have remained under the control of US military vessels. Last but not least, it has even failed internally in maintaining the stability of the regime; which one way or
This does not, however, negate the Tehran regime’s destructive achievements. The Iranian regime has spread chaos, although it has not succeeded in establishing anarchist regional regimes affiliated with it. No doubt it has managed to awaken sectarianism — not previously part of the means of political and intellectual conflict — to replace the struggle between the right and the left, which has subsided with the rise of extremist religious revolutionary thought.
For their part, the region’s countries have succeeded in challenging the Iranian revolution. They have, of course, been fighting for their survival, and are continuing to fight in defense of their borders. On the other hand, the areas that have fallen into the hands of Iran, such as Lebanon and the Gaza Strip, have been bleeding for decades; and are now dangerous border zones whose populations are finding it difficult to escape the nightmare. Other areas, such as Syria, Iraq, and Yemen, are still resisting Iran’s radical takeover and are likely to succeed in repelling Tehran’s influence with regional and international support.
Forty years after Khomeini’s historic, ominous journey to replace the shah, we can see that the regime has consumed itself, its promises, its dreams and most of its masses. There is no doubt that the change that took place in Egypt with the removal of the Muslim Brotherhood’s rule in 2013 was a historic event that destroyed Tehran’s most important opportunities and aspirations. Had Cairo fallen under
Four decades after the mullahs came to power in Tehran, we can say that religious movements — of any religion and in any nation — pose
Four decades on, we witness significant changes, such as the reforms and opening up in Saudi Arabia, the Muslim world’s most influential country, and the efforts made by the