Observers have affirmed that the challenges facing the government of newly-appointed Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi are grave.
The sources said Mahdi must set a clear strategy to deal with these challenges lest he fails during his first months.
U.S. sanctions over Tehran
Political analyst Hisham al-Hashimi referred to some “complex” challenged that might face Mahdi after the second patch of U.S. economic sanctions over Tehran comes into effect in November.
According to Hashimi, Iraq’s commitment to the U.S. sanctions would complicate relations between the government and Iran that always managed to have the upper hand among political parties in the Parliament to gain consent over.
Former Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi received severe criticism by groups and parties affiliated with Iran when he announced Iraq will abide by the U.S. sanctions for the sake of protecting Iraq's interest.
Some consider this as the reason to why Abadi did not get a second term in office.
In an interview with Al Arabiya, Hashimi added that among the challenges that might face the anticipated government is the stand it would take against the Iranian-backed Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) and the armed Kurdish factions in the disputed territories of northern Iraq.
In August, Abadi exempted Faleh al-Fayyad from his duties as national security adviser and head of the popular mobilization, the matter which contributed in limiting the movement of PMF’s armed militias.
Moreover, Hashimi said fighting corruption, encountering political parties’ fundings and militias, and maintaining security, were among the main challenges that hit Iraq’s economy.
For his part, political analyst Abdullatif al-Saadi said citizens believe positions are being specially tailored for politicians. He also referred to the close relations between former prime minister Nouri al-Maliki (2006-2014), Hadi al-Amiri, head of the Badr Organization, which was the military wing of the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, and Khamis al-Khanjar, one of the biggest supporters of the sit-ins in Anbar. Saadi considered Khanjar and Amiri to be the beginning of ISIS in western governorates in Iraq.
Saadi deemed the next government to be the last chance for politicians to prove their good will in front of the people. He also pointed out that despite that Abadi’s government dealt with ISIS and stopped the progression of Masoud Barzani, the former Kurdistan Region president, it failed to provide decent services and job opportunities to citizens.
In the same context, observers said Mahdi has an enormous task that cannot be underestimated, pointing out that his first decisive decisions as Iraq’s premiere will determine the outlines of his tenure.
They also stressed that Mahdi is demanded to declare clear stands against Iran and its militias. However, according to the sources, if Mahdi managed to overcome all of the aforementioned challenges, his government will be completely different than its predecessors.